A history of accounting in Nigeria. Responsibility: Daniel Pele S. Asechemie. Imprint: [Port Harcourt]: University of Port Harcourt, [c]; Physical description: ix. ABSTRACT: The study focuses on the history of the early development of accounting profession in Nigeria by carefully looking at the roles played by state in the. The Italian Luca Pacioli, recognized as The Father of accounting and bookkeeping was the first person to publish a work on double-entry bookkeeping, and introduced the field in Italy. The modern profession of the chartered accountant originated in Scotland in the nineteenth century.‎Ancient history · ‎Roman empire · ‎Medieval and · ‎Modern professional.


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History of accounting in Nigeria ▷

Pacioli recommends the Venetian method of double-entry history of accounting in nigeria above all others. Three major books of account are at the direct basis of this system: It also enabled merchants to audit their own books and to ensure that the entries in the accounting records made by their bookkeepers complied with the method he described.


Without such a system, all merchants who did not maintain their own history of accounting in nigeria were at greater risk of theft by their employees and agents: Financial accounting and Management accounting The development of joint-stock companies especially from about built wider audiences for accounting information, as investors without first-hand knowledge of their operations relied on accounts to provide the requisite information.

Two concepts have formed the current state of the accountancy profession.

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Firstly, the development of the double-entry book-keeping system in the fourteenth and fifteenth century and secondly, accountancy professionalization which was created in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. During this time, accountants often belonged to history of accounting in nigeria same associations as solicitorsand the latter solicitors sometimes offered accounting services to their clients.

Early modern accounting had similarities to today's forensic accounting: The Petition, signed by 49 Glasgow accountants, argued that the profession of accountancy had long existed in Scotland as a distinct profession of great respectability, and that although the number of practitioners had been originally few, the number had been rapidly increasing.

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The petition also pointed out that accountancy required a varied group of skills; as well as mathematical skills for calculation, the accountant had to have an acquaintance with the general principles of the legal system as they were frequently employed by the courts to give evidence on financial matters.

The Edinburgh Society of accountants adopted the name "Chartered Accountant" for members. With the growth of the history of accounting in nigeria liability company and large scale manufacturing and logistics, demand surged for more technically proficient history of accounting in nigeria capable of handling the increasingly complex world of high speed global transactions, able to calculate figures like asset depreciation and inventory valuation and cognizant of the latest changes in legislation such as the new Company lawthen being introduced.


As companies proliferated, the demand for reliable accountancy shot up, and the profession rapidly became an integral part of the business and financial system. To improve their status and combat criticism of low standards, local professional bodies in England amalgamated to form the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Walesestablished by royal charter in The increasing of capital, enlargement of trade and production caused a necessity of financial control.

Thus, accounting is a decision history of accounting in nigeria financial and economic issues of society. History of accounting The idea of establishing a professional accounting body appeared after Nigeria got its independence.

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The major goals of this organization were creation of a central organization for history of accounting in nigeria in Nigeria, a maintenance of a strict standard of professional ethics and realization of training, examination and local qualification of students in accounting.

When ICAN was established, it had about members.

However, later the number of certified chartered accountants grew to 38, This institute was the first and only organization in Nigeria that regulated the accounting profession until first of January, The other body that had to perform the similar duties was founded later.

This history of accounting in nigeria the only Nigerian chartered organization in accounting area for which the teaching and examining of its students were permitted by law.

In addition, ANAN was the only organization that had a power and right to advance accounting as a science. As it was said earlier, it was founded on first of Januaryand registered on 28 of September, and on 25 of August, the organization was decisively chartered by Decree 76 of ANAN is a truly national history of accounting in nigeria of accounting that have programs of training and education reflecting the national Nigerian environment.

Accounting is therefore a response to the demand of economic and financial demands of the society. Apart from being in professional practice, ICAN members are engaged in the three tiers of public service as well as the private.


As history of accounting in nigeria the time it was founded, ICAN had members but has overtime grown to about 38, certified chartered accountants.

The Association of National Accountants is Nigeria is the only chartered professional accountancy body in Nigeria empowered by law to teach as well as examine all its students.

Besides, it is the only body having the absolute power to advance the science of accountancy.