Manifestoes of Surrealism is a book by André Breton, describing the aims, meaning, and political position of the Surrealist movement. It was published in by the University of Michigan press. Complete summary of André Breton's Manifesto of Surrealism. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Manifesto of Surrealism. From to , Breton was a member of the Communist party, but thereafter he opposed communism. His writings include the first Surrealist Manifesto (Manifeste du surréalisme) of , in which he defined surrealism as "pure psychic automatism".


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I repeated them to myself slowly, word by word; they were excellent.

And there manifestos of surrealism still more coming. I got up and picked up a pencil and some paper that were on a table behind my bed. It was as though some vein had burst within me, one word followed another, found its proper place, adapted manifestos of surrealism to the situation, scene piled upon scene, the action unfolded, one retort after another welled up in my mind, I was enjoying myself immensely.

Breton, Andre (–) - First Manifesto of Surrealism

manifestos of surrealism Thoughts came to me so rapidly and continued to flow so abundantly that I lost a whole host of delicate manifestos of surrealism, because my pencil could not keep up with them, and yet I went as fast as I could, my hand in constant motion, I did not lose a minute.

The sentences continued to well up within me, I was pregnant with my subject. Completely occupied as I still was with Freud at that time, and familiar as I was with his methods of examination which I had some slight occasion to use on some patients during the war, I resolved to obtain manifestos of surrealism myself what we were trying to obtain from them, namely, a monologue spoken as rapidly as possible without any intervention on the part of the critical faculties, a monologue consequently unencumbered by the slightest inhibition and which was, as closely as possible, akin to spoken thought.

It had seemed to me, and still manifestos of surrealism -- the way in which the phrase about the man cut in two had come to me is an indication of it -- that the speed of thought is no greater than the speed of speech, and that thought does not necessarily defy language, nor even the fast-moving pen.

It was in this frame of mind that Philippe Soupault -- to whom I had manifestos of surrealism these initial conclusions — and I decided to blacken some paper, with a praiseworthy disdain for what might result from a literary point of view.

The ease of execution did the rest. By the end of the first day we were able to read to ourselves some fifty or so pages obtained in this manner, and begin to compare our results. All in all, Soupault's pages and mine proved to be remarkably similar: The only difference manifestos of surrealism our two texts seemed to me to derive essentially from our respective tempers.


Soupault's being less static than mine, and, if he does not mind my offering this one slight criticism, from manifestos of surrealism fact that he had made the error of putting a few words by way of titles at the top of certain pages, I suppose in a spirit of mystification.

On manifestos of surrealism other hand, I must give credit where credit is due and say that he constantly and vigorously opposed any effort to retouch or correct, however slightly, any passage of this kind which seemed to me unfortunate. In this he was, to be sure, absolutely right.


Nonetheless, with this thought-writing, where one is at the mercy of manifestos of surrealism first outside distraction, "ebullutions" can occur. It would be inexcusable for us to pretend otherwise. By definition, manifestos of surrealism is strong, and incapable of catching itself in error.

The blame for these obvious weaknesses must be placed on suggestions that come to it from without.

Surrealist Manifesto - Wikipedia

It is, in fact, difficult to appreciate fairly the various elements present: To you who write, these elements are, on the surface, as strange to you as they are to anyone else, and naturally you are wary manifestos of surrealism them.

Poetically speaking, what strikes you about them above all is their extreme degree of immediate absurdity, the quality of this absurdity, upon closer scrutiny, being to manifestos of surrealism way to everything admissible, everything legitimate in the world: I believe that there is no point today in dwelling any further on this word and that the meaning we gave it initially has generally prevailed over its Apollinarian sense.

It appears, in fact, that Nerval possessed to a tee the spirit with which we claim a kinship, Apollinaire having possessed, on the contrary, naught but the letter, still imperfect, of Surrealism, having shown himself powerless to give a valid theoretical idea of it.

Manifestos of surrealism are two passages by Nerval which seem to me to be extremely significant in this respect: