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Different components of information processing[ edit ] Schematic sternberg teoria triarquica one trial of each stimulus pool in the Sternberg task: Sternberg associated the workings of the mind with a series of components.
These components he labeled the metacomponents, performance components, and knowledge-acquisition components Sternberg, The metacomponents are executive processes used in problem solving and decision sternberg teoria triarquica that involve the majority of managing our mind.
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They tell the mind how sternberg teoria triarquica act. Metacomponents are also sometimes referred to as a homunculus. A homunculus is a fictitious or metaphorical "person" inside our head that controls our actions, and which is often seen to invite an infinite sternberg teoria triarquica of homunculi controlling each other Sternberg, Sternberg's next set of components, performance components, are the processes that actually carry out the actions the metacomponents dictate.
These are the basic processes that allow us to do tasks, such as perceiving problems in our long-term memoryperceiving relations between objects, and applying relations to another set of terms Sternberg, The last set of components, knowledge-acquisition components, sternberg teoria triarquica used in obtaining new information.
These components complete tasks that involve selectively choosing relevant information from a mix of information, some of it relevant and some of sternberg teoria triarquica irrelevant.
These components can also be used to selectively combine the various pieces of information they have gathered.
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Gifted individuals are proficient in using these components because they are able to learn new information at a greater rate Sternberg, Whereas Sternberg explains that the basic information processing components underlying the three sternberg teoria triarquica of his triarchic theory are the same, different contexts and different tasks require different kinds of intelligence Sternberg, Componential — analytical subtheory[ edit ] Sternberg associated the componential subtheory with analytical giftedness.
This is one of three types of giftedness that Sternberg recognizes. Analytical giftedness is influential in being sternberg teoria triarquica to take apart problems and being able to see solutions not often seen.
Unfortunately, individuals with only this type are not as adept at creating unique ideas of their own. This form of giftedness is the type that is tested most often Sternberg, Experiential — creative subtheory[ edit ] Sternberg's 2nd stage of his theory is his experiential subtheory.
This stage deals mainly with how well a task is performed with regard to how familiar it is. Sternberg splits the role of experience into two parts: A novel situation is one that you sternberg teoria triarquica never sternberg teoria triarquica before.
Triarchic theory of intelligence
People sternberg teoria triarquica are adept at managing a novel situation can take the task and find new ways of solving it that the majority of people would not notice Sternberg, A process that has been automated has been performed multiple times and can now be done with little or no extra thought.
Once a process is automatized, it can be run in parallel with the same or other sternberg teoria triarquica.
The problem with novelty and automation is that being skilled in one component does not ensure that you are skilled in the sternberg teoria triarquica Sternberg, The experiential subtheory also correlates with another one of Sternberg's proposed types of giftedness.
Synthetic giftedness is seen in creativityintuitionand a study of the arts.
People with synthetic giftedness are not often seen with the highest IQ 's because there are not sternberg teoria triarquica any tests that can sufficiently measure these attributes, but synthetic giftedness is especially useful in creating new ideas to create and solve sternberg teoria triarquica problems.
Sternberg also associated another one of his students, "Barbara", to the synthetic giftedness. Barbara did not perform as well as Alice on the tests taken to get into school, but was recommended to Yale University based on her exceptional creative and intuitive skills.
Barbara was later very valuable in creating new ideas for research Sternberg, Practical — contextual subtheory[ sternberg teoria triarquica ] Sternberg's third subtheory of intelligence, called practical or contextual, "deals with the mental activity involved in attaining fit to context " Sternberg,p.